The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has authorized the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) vaccines for Emergency Use Authorization. Public vaccinations began December 14, 2020.
Researchers are currently testing 67 vaccines in clinical trials on humans, and 20 have reached the final stages of testing. At least 89 preclinical vaccines are under active investigation in animals.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s advisory committee met on December 10 to review the safety and efficacy of the first COVID-19 vaccine candidate for Emergency Use Authorization (EUA): Pfizer-BioNTech. Following an affirmative vote by the vaccine advisory panel, the FDA granted emergency authorization of the vaccine for people 16 and older. The vaccinations started being administered on December 14, 2020. On December 18, 2020, the FDA issued an emergency use authorization for the Moderna vaccine as well, for individuals 18 and older. On February 27, 2021, the FDA issued emergency use authorization for the Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine (of Johnson & Johnson) to be distributed for adults 18 and older.
Operation Warp Speed (OWS), an initiative of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), has a goal of producing and delivering 300 million doses of safe and effective vaccines, with initial doses available by January 2021, as part of a broader strategy to accelerate the development, manufacturing, and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics.
For more information on OWS, see the HHS Fact Sheet.