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How do I cite resources?

Learn the basics on citing resources using the major citation style guides.

Starting Points


What is Turabian?

Turabian is short for A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers by Kate Turabian. Turabian is adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style. Who was Kate Turabian?

Who uses the Turabian style for their papers?

Many instructors recommend using Turabian for students working on their BA/BS or MA/MS theses.  It provides a great introduction to research practices, style, and citation.

Is the Turabian available online?

No. Find a print version in the Library.

Does it matter what edition I use? 

You should always use the most recent edition unless told otherwise.  The latest is the 9th edition (2018).

Does Turabian require footnotes/endnotes?

Turabian uses either a bibliography style (that requires footnotes/endnotes) or a reference list style (which requires parenthetical citations). Use the style that best fits your field of study and your needs.

I've looked through Turabian, don't see how to cite the type of source I am using. What should I do?

Since Turabian is following Chicago style, check the Manual to see if it provides an example of how to cite the resource.

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