Understanding the Illinois Criminal Justice System
A wide range of governmental and non-governmental organizations and interests is involved in the administration of justice in Illinois. Federal, state, county, and city actors are involved in what may or may not amount to a “system.”
Established in 1972, the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) is a federally funded resource offering justice and drug-related information to support research, policy, and program development worldwide.
Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) is a nationwide commitment to reduce gun and gang crime in America by networking existing local programs that target gun and gun crime and providing these programs with additional tools necessary to be successful. Since its inception in 2001, approximately $2 billion has been committed to this initiative. This funding is being used to hire new federal and state prosecutors, support investigators, provide training, distribute gun lock safety kits, deter juvenile gun crime, and develop and promote community outreach efforts as well as to support other gun and gang violence reduction strategies.
Cato's new headquarters — to be completed in 2012. Click here for details. The Cato Institute is a public policy research organization — a think tank — dedicated to the principles of individual liberty, limited government, free markets and peace. Its scholars and analysts conduct independent, nonpartisan research on a wide range of policy issues. Its areas of focus include Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement.
The Center for Criminal Justice Advocacy was formed as a free, nonpartisan, grassroots training resource to assist new lawyers in becoming competent criminal trial practitioners. Our public service mission is to provide newly licensed sole practitioners and prosecutors, who toil daily in criminal courtrooms across our country, with a body of materials that support a structured analytical approach to planning, preparing, and conducting a persuasive and convincing criminal trial. Our interest is in promoting and preserving equal justice for all.
Justice Policy Institute is a national nonprofit organization that changes the conversation around justice reform and advances policies that promote well-being and justice for all people and communities. Our research and analyses identify effective programs and policies and we disseminate our findings to the media, policymakers and advocates, and provide training and technical assistance supports to people working for justice reform.
Vera is an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit center for justice policy and practice, with offices in New York City, Washington, DC, and New Orleans. The Vera Institute of Justice combines expertise in research, demonstration projects, and technical assistance to help leaders in government and civil society improve the systems people rely on for justice and safety. The website has numerous reports and analyses on different aspects of the criminal justice system.
The Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law provides creative and collaborative approaches to achieve social and economic justice for low-income people and communities. It engages in direct advocacy campaigns in Illinois (and nationally) to improve policies and programs on specific issues, and also engages in broader advocacy on general issues of justice, opportunity, and human rights. Also, the Center’s advocacy has an intentionally national aspect in addition to its Illinois base.
Article published in: Crime, Law & Social Change, v. 38, 2002, pp. 33-65.
A research paper that explores the role of African-Americans in organized crime in the US and in particular in Chicago. The findings of this paper may help us to answer the question of how we can eliminate this polarization of crime in African-American Communities.
Article on the Sodahead blog.
The article focuses on the correlation of people's characteristics towards violence and then suggests that more research in this area would be useful to study how these characteristics can be better improved. I would suggest perhaps putting many of the endnote sources on the "understanding of the criminal justice system" since it has a focus on prevention. The bibliography (endnotes) include many useful sources related to criminal justice.
From the Justice Policy Institute. It provides a framework to reduce the number of youths in the Illinois criminal justice system. This may be a good technique to include in our RFP because it specifically explains how to reduce the number of people in Illinois prisons.
Redefining the footprint of juvenile justice in America / Shay Bilchik -- Delinquency and daycare / David R. Katner -- Challenging the overuse of foster care and disrupting the path to delinquency and prison / Leslie Joan Harris -- Preventing incarceration through special education and mental health collaboration for students with emotional and behavioral disorders / Joseph C. Gagnon and Brian R. Barber -- Looking for air : excavating destructive educational and racial policies to build successful educational communities / Theresa Glennon -- The black nationalist cure to disproportionate minority contact / Kenneth B. Nunn -- Girl matters : unfinished work / Lawanda Ravoira and Vanessa Patino -- Supporting queer youth / Sarah Valentine -- Deterring serious and chronic offenders : research findings and policy thoughts -- From the pathways to desistance study / Thomas A. Loughran ... [et al.] -- "I want to talk to my mom " : the role of parents in police interrogation of juveniles / Stephen M. Reba, Randee J. Waldman, and Barbara Bennett Woodhouse -- Moving beyond exclusion : integrating restorative practices and impacting school -- Culture in denver public schools / Thalia N.C. González and Benjamin Cairns -- The line of prevention / Khary Lazarre-White -- What it takes to transform a school inside a juvenile justice facility : the story of the Maya Angelou Academy / David Domenici and James Forman, Jr.
Article in "Law & Society Review v. 26, no. 4, 1992, pp. 831-862.
I found an interesting 1992 article that discusses the interactions of various participants of the Chicago criminal justice system, including administrative leaders, interest groups, and news reporters. The approach seems novel, since I normally don't think of these people as "participating" in the criminal justice system. I would imagine that this article would be useful to the rest of the class.
This is a text that documents the details of an huge crime investigation in Chicago. If we can read about this investigation, we may be able to get a sense of how these investigations take place so as to identify flaws that we think can be addressed by the policies we will propose. A better understanding f what goes on in the Chicago justice system and a history thereof can also be expected.
This is a book published by the University of Chicago press. It explores the role of language in our criminal justice system. It may be able to inform whether we want to focus some of our policies to remedy discord among communities and law enforcement officers etc. in an effort to reduce violence.
Documentary film. "Documents the remarkable transformation of Fred Arispe Cruz, from a barrio delinquent on drugs to the hero of the prison reform movement in Texas. Coming of age at the dawn of the Civil Rights Movement, Cruz landed in prison for robbery in 1961. Horrified by the rampant brutality of prison life, he studied law religiously and wrote a string of lawsuits against the prison system. His pen and writs of habeas corpus--along with help from a "lady lawyer" sent to assist the poor--shook the prison system to its core, and launched the historic prisoners' rights movement in Texas"--
Youth in the Criminal Justice System: Guidelines for Policymakers & Practitioners
"A product of the Task Force on Youth in the Criminal Justice System of the American Bar Association Criminal Justice Section."
This website links to a document composed by the Task Force on Youth in the Criminal Justice System of the American Bar Association. They attempt to create a framework for handling youth from the moment they are arrested through incarceration to influence policymakers to better address youth-related crimes.
Hearing before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, first session, on H.R. 1064, July 15, 2009.