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International Encyclopaedia of Laws Guide

Link to IEL Competition Law

IEL Competition Law Contents

The International Encyclopaedia of Laws (IEL) Competition Law includes information in book-length form written in English for 5 countries.  The monographs are written by legal academics and/or practitioners with expertise in competition law for those countries.  The monographs enable comparative research in competition law.  These monographs include a general introduction on competition law followed by specialized chapters.  A more detailed Table of Contents follows:

Table of contents:
General Introduction 
1. General Background of the Country
2. Economic System
3. Legal System
4. Historical Background of Antitrust Law 
Selected Bibliography 
Part I. Structure of antitrust law and its enforcement
CHAPTER 1. SOURCES OF ANTITRUST LAW

1. National Sources
2. International Sources
3. Secondary Sources 
I. Regulations
II. Guidelines
4. Sources' Relation and Hierarchy 
5. Role and authority of precedents
CHAPTER 2. SCOPE OF APPLICATION
1. Territorial reach
2. Special Sectors
3. State owned Enterprises and Public Utilities
4. Sensible Effect and De Minimis 
CHAPTER 3. OVERVIEW OF SUBSTANTIVE PROVISIONS
1. Restrictive Agreements
2. Dominant Undertakings
3. Concentrations
4. Other prohibitions
5. Tests of illegality 
I. Per se prohibitions and naked restraints
II. Balancing tests
III. Merger tests
CHAPTER 4. OVERVIEW OF MAIN NOTIONS
1. Undertaking
2. Relevant Market
3. Market Power/Dominant Position
4. Agreements and concerted practices
5. Restriction of competition
6. Monopolisation and abuse of dominance
7. Concentrations 
8. Joint Ventures
CHAPTER 5. CONSEQUENCES OF VIOLATIONS AND ENFORCEMENT INSTITUTIONS
1. Administrative Enforcement
I. Antitrust Authorities
A. Formation, composition
B. Investigating powers
C. Adjudicating powers (ascertaining and sanctioning)
D. Other institutional tasks (Consultancy to Parliament/Government)
II. Government direct enforcement activities
III. Other Administrative Agencies applying antitrust rules
IV. Administrative fines
V. Administrative injunctions and other restrictive orders
VI. Interim measures
2. Civil Enforcement
I. Competent Civil Courts
II. Sanctions
A. Nullity
B. Damages
C. Interim measures
3. Criminal Enforcement
I. Criminal sanctions for antitrust violations
II. Other application of Criminal Law to relevant conducts
III. Role of Prosecutors
IV. Competent Criminal Courts
Part II. Application of the Prohibitions
CHAPTER 1. RESTRICTIVE AGREEMENTS

1. Horizontal agreements
I. Cartels
A. Price fixing
B. Market/client allocation
C. Production/innovation limitation
D. Group boycott
E. Collusion on other objects
II. Information exchange practices
III. Cooperation agreements
A. Research and development
B. Specialisation
C. Standardisation
D. Joint production
E. Joint purchasing
F. Joint selling
2. Vertical agreements
I. Distribution
A. Exclusive distributorship
B. Exclusive dealing
C. Selective distribution
D. Franchising
II. Technology licencing
A. Patent licencing
B. Trademark licencing
C. Know how and trade secret licencing
CHAPTER 2. DOMINANT UNDERTAKINGS' PROHIBITED PRACTICES
1. Exploitative practices
I. Excessive/unfair pricing
II. Discrimination
2. Exclusionary practices
I. Predation
II. Tying
III. Rebates
IV. Refusal to deal
V. Price squeeze
CHAPTER 3. CONCENTRATIONS
1. Horizontal mergers
2. Vertical mergers
3. Market/product extension mergers
4. Pure Conglomerate mergers 
5. Joint ventures
Part III. Administrative procedure
CHAPTER 1. ADMINISTRATIVE INVESTIGATIONS BEFORE THE ANTITRUST AUTHORITY

1. Initiative
I. General sectors inquiries
II. Ex Officio investigations
III. Complaints
2. Powers
I. Requests for information 
II. Investigating and search powers
III. Cooperation with other State Institutions
3. Right of defence
I. Content and notification of opening decisions
II. Proceedings: hearings, access to file, briefs
III. Statement of Objections
IV. Final Hearing and Decision
CHAPTER 2. VOLUNTARY NOTIFICATIONS AND CLEARANCE DECISIONS MERGER CONTROL
1. Preliminary filing obligations
I. Criteria and thresholds
II. Turnover calculation
III. Market share calculation
IV. Other relevant notions
2. Structure of proceedings
I. Preliminary assessment and full investigation
II. Time framework
III. Right of defence
3. Clearance and conditional clearance 
I. Conditions and undertakings
A. Content
B. Timing
4. Relations with other merger control authorities
I. Other authorities within the local Jurisdiction
II. International coordination
CHAPTER 3. CHALLENGING OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE DECISION
1. Competent Courts
2. Time limits
3. Scope of Judicial Review 
Selected Bibliography.
Index

Subject Specialist

Lyonette Louis-Jacques's picture
Lyonette Louis-Jacques
Contact:
Foreign and International Law
Librarian and Lecturer in Law

D'Angelo Law Library
University of Chicago Law School
773-702-9612