Chicago was one of the cities that had segregated musicians' unions. Charles Walton was a member of Chicago's Local 208; Local 208 together with members of Local 10 fought for an integrated Chicago Federation of Musicians, now known as Local 10-208.
There are several dissertations on the AACM and free jazz.
Includes citations for materials from the first U.S. dissertation (1861) to those accepted as recently as last semester. Starting in 1997 full-text is often available. If full-text is not available information about ordering the document is provided.