Printing in the New World began in 1539 in Mexico City. The term "incunables americanos" is used in Spanish to refer to books printed from 1539 to 1600 (as opposed to incunables in the European sense, books printed from 1455 to 1500). Scholars and religious figures of New Spain also acquired significant collections of printed books during the colonial period.
More recently, private collectors and institutions have purchased a number of early European books that are now housed in libraries throughout North America. The focus of this guide is on books printed in Western Europe, but many of these libraries have collections both of early European books and of books from the earliest years of printing in the Americas. Here are just a few of the most important collections.